CHAFFINCH, FRINGILLA COELEBS, ZIĘBA
The chaffinch, scientifically known as Fringilla coelebs, is a species of bird belonging to the finch family.
Here are some interesting facts about chaffinches:
- Distribution: Chaffinches are native to Europe, North Africa, and western Asia. They are common across a wide range of habitats, including woodlands, parks, gardens, and farmlands.
- Plumage: Male chaffinches have a colorful plumage, with a bluish-gray cap, pinkish-red breast, and a brown back. They also have black and white wing bars. Females have a more subdued appearance, with brown feathers and streaks.
- Song: Male chaffinches are known for their melodious song, which consists of a combination of trills, whistles, and chirps. Each male has a unique song, and they often compete with each other to establish territories and attract mates.
- Feeding habits: Chaffinches are primarily seed-eaters. Their diet includes various seeds, grains, berries, and insects. They have a versatile beak that allows them to crack open seeds and extract the kernel.
- Breeding: Chaffinches breed from late spring to early summer. The female builds a cup-shaped nest made of twigs, grass, and moss, usually located in the fork of a tree or shrub. She lays 4-6 pale blue eggs, which she incubates for about 12-14 days. Both parents take turns feeding the chicks after they hatch.
- Migratory behavior: Chaffinches are partially migratory birds. While some populations are resident, others undertake seasonal migrations. In autumn, many chaffinches from northern regions migrate south to escape the harsh winters and find more abundant food sources.
- Social behavior: Chaffinches are social birds and often form flocks outside of the breeding season. They interact with other species of birds and can be seen feeding together, especially in areas with abundant food.
- Longevity: The average lifespan of chaffinches is more than 10 years, although some individuals have been known to live up to 20 years.
Chaffinches are a common and widespread bird species with beautiful plumage and a delightful song. They add color and charm to the natural environment and are a favorite among birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts.